Updated: Mar 20
Stinging insects send more than 500,000 people to the emergency room each year. For those with
severe allergies to these pests, a sting can be fatal. And even if your life isn’t in danger, no one wants the
pain that comes with a hornet sting.
The most active time of year for stinging pests is during the second half of summer and early
fall. This is when they forage for food to sustain their colonies over the course of winter. During
this time, most hornets become more aggressive as the urgency to acquire sustenance increases -
making stings much more common if you are unfortunate enough to stumble into their territory.
In many cases, hornet encounters simply cannot be avoided in the outdoors. The good news is
that you have options when it comes to protecting your Buckeye property from unwanted
There has been a lot of buzz about the newfound invasive hornet species Asian giant hornets.
With a nickname like “murder hornet,” the concerns that have risen are perfectly understandable.
You might be surprised to hear that contrary to the widespread panic, this species is not a
significant threat to most of the United States. Sightings of the Asian giant hornet have been
limited to the Pacific Northwest, more specifically, the state of Washington.
Familiarity with hornet identification and hornet behavior is highly recommended in order to
prevent getting stung. Regardless of your geographical location, all hornet species pose a
significant threat to your health.
Bald-faced hornets are related to yellow jackets. They are considered hornets due to their large
size and aerial nests. Bald-faced hornets have antennae, large black bodies with a long wasp-like
shape, and their faces are mostly white. They have two slanted lines running from their
midsection towards their head and on the latter part of their abdomen. Their upper-mid-section is
triangular in appearance. Bald-faced hornets range from 1/2 – 5/8 inches in size, while the queen
averages around ¾ inches in size. They are visibly active during the day, and usually appear in
Unlike other stinging insects, they will build new nests each season. Bald-faced hornets nests can
be found three or more feet off of the ground, usually in trees, shrubs, overhangs, houses, and
sheds. They build grey nests that can be up to 14 inches in diameter and more than 24 inches in
length. These nests are enclosed and not a cone nest structure.
European hornets are also called giant hornets or brown hornets. Their common name refers to
their introduction from Europe to the New York area in the 1800’s. This species is brown with
yellow abdominal stripes and a pale face. Their bodies are long, robust, and wasp-like, ranging
from ¾ - 1½ inches in size. They have antennae, two pairs of wings, and six legs. Unlike most
stinging insects, European hornets can be active at night.
European hornet nests can be found in common areas such as hollow trees, attics, porches, and
inside wall voids. Their nests are not covered by an external structure. Instead, they have a
brown papery envelope covering their cells. Sheltered nests will have little to no envelope